Hazrat Ghufraan Ma'ab Ayatollah Al-Uzma Syed Dildar Ali Naqvi
Hazrat Ghufraan Ma'ab Ayatollah Al-Uzma Syed Dildar Ali Naqvi, Imam-e-Juma-wa-Jamaat son of Hazrat Syed Moyeen(1191 Hijri) was born on 17th Rabi-us-sani,1166(1752) and Died on 19th Rajab-ul-Murajjab,1235 Hijri i.e. 3rd May 1820 and buried in self built Husainia(Imambara Ghufraan Maab) in Lucknow.
The first such a learned who went to Iraq & Iran in search of religious knowledge and returned to India with the powerful religious degree of Mujtahid-Jameut-Sharayat. He wrote more than 30 books in Arabic and Persian out of his numerous pupils, approximately pupils were of historical fame. Fact is this that most of learned were attached with him directly or indirectly. He was the foundation stone of Ijtihaad for learned.He at one hand was of world fame in different types of knowledge and leanings and on the other hand, a wonderful poet and a literary figure. His book “Imad-ul-Islam”, “Maraat-ul-Uqool” dealing with Ilme Kalam is so voluminous and full of knowledge that no book either in shia world or in Islamic world stands in comparison of this book. There are five volumes of this book out of which two volumes are still not printed. Lucknow was his centre in Asfi era, Nawabs and officers of muslims population in whole India in general were of avadh regime particularly his target of reformation in respect of wrong traditions, non-religious activities, Sufi’s akhbariyat etc. He created an atmosphere of Ijtihaad and Taqleed in whole India. He stoped many wrong traditions observed by public in respect of mourning on martyrdom of Imam Husain(a.s). Which he spread on a large scale under religious bindings and laid down foundation stones of numerous Husainias in Lucknow and opened the door of Majalis, and also instructed (in his will) Sultan-ul-ulema to keep himself everytime ready for services to Majalis and Azadari. He himself built two husainias.
Allama Shah Husain Jaisi said “Ghufran Maab is the first Mujtahid of India and a successful reformer”.
He for the first time established Shia Jamaat prayer on 13th Rajab 1200 Hijri and also Namaz-e-Juma prayer on 27th Rajab 1200 Hijri under his own iqtida in the palace of Nawab Hasan Raza Khan, Minister of Avadh.
He built several mosque out of which one is in Jais and one in Nasirabad, also builts wells at different places and inspired Nawab Asifuddualah for the construction of a canal in Karbala,Iraq(which is even now present in Karbala).which is called Nahre Asafi. He arranged a huge amount of money for the help of Madaris and its students in Najaf,Karbala and other precious places and also taken part in construction of Imam Husain(a.s) Shrine which is in Karbala, Iraq. He created the atmosphere of co-operation between shias and sunnis and used his pen to spread the truth of religion. He arranged the grand library i.e Ghufraan Maab Library in Lucknow. Which became an inspiration to the people of coming era. He establish Madrasas for teaching the course of Ijtihaad where from hundreds of students were awarded the religious permission of Imamat for Juma & Jamaat prayers and also the permission of Ijtihaad to some students spread throughout whole India besides Lucknow. This successful action became the reason for spreading the mission of Ahulu-bayt all other the world.